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Prophylaxis (Teeth Cleaning)

A dental prophylaxis is more than just a routine cleaning; it’s a comprehensive procedure vital for safeguarding against periodontal disease and gingivitis. These conditions arise when bacterial colonies from plaque settle on gum tissue, inciting inflammation and triggering a chronic immune response. Left unchecked, this can lead to gum recession, bone loss, and tooth instability.

Reasons for Prophylaxis:

  • Tartar Removal: Stubborn tartar and plaque buildup can wreak havoc on gum health, even with diligent at-home care. Prophylaxis, performed by a skilled dentist, ensures thorough removal of these deposits, mitigating periodontal problems.
  • Aesthetics: Stained teeth can undermine confidence. Prophylaxis effectively removes unsightly stains, restoring the natural brilliance of your smile.
  • Fresher Breath: Halitosis, often linked to periodontal issues, can be alleviated through prophylaxis. By eliminating plaque and bacteria, it promotes fresher breath and alleviates irritation.
  • Identification of Health Issues: Prophylaxis involves a comprehensive oral examination, enabling dentists to detect oral cancer, evaluate periodontal risk, and even spot signs of systemic health conditions like diabetes.

Prophylaxis Treatment:

Prophylaxis can be part of a regular dental visit or, in severe cases, performed under general anesthesia. The procedure typically includes:

  • Supragingival Cleaning: Thorough plaque and calculus removal above the gum line using specialized scaling tools.
  • Subgingival Cleaning: Essential for periodontal patients, this step targets calculus beneath the gum line, mitigating disease progression.
  • Root Planing: Smoothing of tooth roots to eliminate residual bacteria, a critical step in halting periodontal disease.
  • Medication: Antibiotics or antimicrobial agents may be applied to promote healing and ease discomfort.
  • X-ray and Examination: Routine X-rays aid in assessing bone and gum recession, providing insights for future treatment.

While prophylaxis is recommended biannually for prevention, periodontitis sufferers may require it every 3-4 months. Although gum disease is irreversible, prophylaxis effectively halts its advancement.

For inquiries about prophylaxis or periodontal care, reach out to our practice.

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