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Root Canal Therapy

Root canal therapy becomes necessary when decay or infection affects the nerve of a tooth. To salvage the tooth, the procedure involves removing the pulp, which comprises living tissue, nerves, bacteria, and any decay. The resulting space is filled with specialized medicated dental materials, restoring the tooth to full function.

Contrary to popular belief, extracting a problematic tooth can lead to more significant issues and higher costs in the long run. Root canal treatment is the preferred choice to save a tooth that would otherwise perish and require extraction. While the procedure is highly successful and can last a lifetime, occasional retreatment may be needed due to new infections.

Signs and Symptoms for Possible Root Canal Therapy:

  • Presence of an abscess or pimple on the gums
  • Sensitivity to hot and cold sensations
  • Severe toothache
  • Occasional absence of symptoms
  • Swelling and/or tenderness

Reasons for Root Canal Therapy:

  • Decay has penetrated the tooth pulp.
  • Infection or abscess has developed inside the tooth or at the root tip.
  • The tooth has suffered injury or trauma.

What Does Root Canal Therapy Involve?

The procedure typically entails one or more appointments and can be performed by a dentist or an endodontist. While the tooth is numb, a rubber dam is placed to maintain a dry environment. An access opening is made on top of the tooth, and specialized root canal files are used to remove the pulp, nerve tissue, and bacteria. Any decay present is also eradicated.

Once cleaned, the tooth is sealed with either a permanent or temporary filling. Subsequent appointments may involve filling and sealing the roots and inside cavity with special dental materials. A crown cap is recommended to protect the treated tooth and restore its full function.

After treatment, some sensitivity may persist but will gradually subside as the tooth heals. Following good oral hygiene practices and regular dental visits will aid in maintaining the longevity of the root canal treatment.

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