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Periodontal Scaling & Root Planing

Periodontal scaling and root planing are essential procedures designed to combat inflammation in the gum tissue and surrounding bone. These treatments effectively remove etiologic agents like dental plaque and tartar calculus, providing relief for individuals with conditions ranging from mild gingivitis to moderate to severe periodontal disease.

Reasons for Scaling and Root Planing:

  • Disease Prevention: By eliminating oral bacteria responsible for periodontal infections, scaling and root planing reduce the risk of bacteria spreading to other parts of the body, potentially preventing conditions like lung infections and heart disease.
  • Tooth Protection: Deep gum pockets pose a significant risk for periodontal disease. As these pockets deepen, they become breeding grounds for harmful bacteria, leading to the destruction of gum and bone tissue and ultimately, tooth loss. Scaling and root planing help halt this progression.
  • Aesthetic Effects: These procedures not only remove tartar and plaque but also eliminate superficial stains on the teeth, enhancing the overall appearance of the smile.
  • Improved Breath: Halitosis, or bad breath, is a common symptom of periodontal disease. Scaling and root planing effectively remove food particles and bacteria responsible for causing unpleasant odors, resulting in fresher breath.

What to Expect During Treatment:

Before scaling and root planing, a comprehensive examination of the mouth is conducted, including X-rays and visual assessments. Depending on the severity of the condition and the presence of calculus tartar, local anesthesia may be administered.

  • Scaling: This process involves the removal of calculus and plaque using specialized dental instruments, often supplemented by ultrasonic scaling tools. An irrigation process may follow, delivering antimicrobial agents to reduce oral bacteria.
  • Root Planing: Specifically targeting the root surfaces, root planing removes cementum and surface dentin embedded with microorganisms and tartar, promoting optimal healing and preventing future bacterial colonization.
  • After treatment, gum pockets may be treated with antibiotics to aid healing. Follow-up appointments allow for assessment of gum pocket depth and may involve additional treatments if necessary.

If you have any concerns about periodontal health or scaling and root planing, don’t hesitate to reach out to our office for expert guidance.

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